Most of us claim that we know how to manage our waste well. However, there are some things that we don’t know that continue the damage that improper waste management brings. The world has evolved well to deal with its waste, but there are several significant problems that continue to plague Earth.
The negative effects of poor waste management affect a lot of world aspects. Europe, for one, has spent so much money on putting systems for proper waste management. Aside from its economic damage and whatnots, what are the other significant damages to poor waste management?
1) It looks and smells terrible
Garbage that isn’t placed in proper bins smells for the simplest reasons, they decay. As a garbage material decays, it attracts bacteria, flies, and many more putrid-attracting animals and insects. The smell doesn’t necessarily pose a threat to a person unless the person is hypersensitive to putrid smell, but the attraction of animals to the garbage poses a threat to health.
So what can we do? We can be proactive about the situation and find ways to properly dispose of our garbage. We can secure the garbage in a hole-free garbage bag, dispose of it in bins, and wait for the state-owned garbage collectors to come by. In case of an emergency where a high volume of garbage is present, you can call a skip hire to rent a big skip for garbage storage.
2) High risk to human health
Garbage in any form poses a threat to human health. For one, the chemical-laden stench that manufacturing garbage emits hits strongly. This type of stench could trigger cancer, respiratory illness, uncomfortably, and sensitivity to a person.
In addition to the stench, garbage in contact with the skin could bring forth skin irritation, infection, and more. Humans can also contract all sorts of diseases when they come in contact with the garbage that has been a breeding ground of pests for awhile. One deadly disease that humans can get from poor waste management is dengue. Dengue is a condition to which a human contracts a virus from a mosquito bite. Mosquitos eat and breed in unturned tin cans or any container with stagnant water in it.
Other pests that could seriously harm us are rats. Despite proper waste management, rats still manage to live and eat on bins. If not controlled, rats can harm crops, spread diseases like leptospirosis through their urine, and many more diseases.
3) The risk to animal health
One manifestation of poor waste management is the existence of untreated sewage. Sewage comes in contact with the natural bodies of water. When untreated sewage reaches its contamination to these bodies of water, the marine life in it is poisoned. The constant cycle of contamination adds to the increase in algal bloom, which eventually endangers the water animals and corals.
The effects of poor waste management in humans are quite similar to land animals.
4) A fire could break out
Fire is a probable event on sanitary landfills and other sites to which garbage is dumped. There are many ways why a fire could break out. A large volume of unmanaged garbage can induce spontaneous chemical combustion. The spontaneous combustion is caused by a chemical reaction done by the leak of decaying garbage materials.
These fires could seriously damage the houses and buildings of people around you. Before your situation leads to that, manage your waste now.
5) Damage to the environment
Ideally, we would like to recycle our garbage and let the biodegradable ones decay in an isolated environment. However, this ideal scenario isn’t the case for everyone.
Contamination in the environment happens when wastes are neglected to decay on land and water. Certain materials such as petroleum hydrocarbons, solvents, pesticides, heavy metals, and lead can seriously damage our soil.
Bodies of water could easily pick up contamination because water is mobile. Rain mixes with decaying materials, and some untreated sewers are connected to the natural bodies of water.
In the air, the reckless burning of wastes affects our ozone layer. The ozone layer for the longest time has been damaged by chemicals released into the atmosphere due to burning.
HOW CAN YOU MINIMISE SUCH RISKS?
There are ways to veer from poor waste management.
- Source Reduction and Reuse: State authorities commonly use source reduction and reuse strategy. The act of reducing is the expansion of recycling efforts through the creation of recycling networks. The aim is to prevent the use of raw materials. For example, instead of wood to produce paper, the government uses paper made from shredded/used paper.
- Recovery and Recycling: Recovery is the act of using wastes for meaningful purposes. These wastes usually go through a process to transform them into fuel, electricity, heat, and the likes. On the other hand, recycling converts trash into new products.
- Hire Skip Hires: Skip hires are agencies that let you rent skips or large bins for commercial or household wastes. When your household produces a large volume of wastes, small bins aren’t enough to hold them. Skip hire is especially common in manufacturing companies who need truck-sized bins to hold their waste temporarily. There are skip hire agencies that offer garbage collection.
- Landfills: Dumping waste in sanitary landfills is one of the most common ways of managing wastes. The process involves burying large volumes of wastes on dug sites. Landfills are well-managed in some countries which work well to prevent land, air, human, and water contamination.
- Composting: Composting is a natural bio-degradation process that involves organic wastes such as food and plant remnants. The decaying process leaves a nutrient-rich compost material that can be used as a natural fertilizer for growing plants and crops.